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Table 4 Frequencies, percentages and standardized residuals of the teachers’ perceptions towards explicit grammar instruction and corrective feedback

From: Iranian EFL teachers and learners’ perceptions of grammar instruction and corrective feedback

  CHOICES Total
STRONGLY DISAGREE DISAGREE UNDECIDED AGREE STRONGLY AGREE
Mother Tongue AZERI Count 76 117 98 212 97 600
% 12.7% 19.5% 16.3% 35.3% 16.2% 100.0%
Std. Residual −.6 2.4 .5 .8 −3.0  
PERSIAN Count 87 71 88 189 165 600
% 14.5% 11.8% 14.7% 31.5% 27.5% 100.0%
Std. Residual .6 −2.4 −.5 −.8 3.0  
Total Count 163 188 186 401 262 1200
% 13.6% 15.7% 15.5% 33.4% 21.8% 100.0%