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Table 2 Frequencies, percentages and standardized residuals of the perceptions towards explicit grammar instruction and corrective feedback

From: Iranian EFL teachers and learners’ perceptions of grammar instruction and corrective feedback

  Choices Total
Strongly disagree Disagree Undecided Agree Strongly agree
Mother Tongue AZERI Count 279 421 185 988 829 2702
% 10.3% 15.6% 6.8% 36.6% 30.7% 100.0%
Std. Residual 1.9 2.8 −3.1 −1.0 −.3  
PERSIAN Count 218 312 278 1050 844 2702
% 8.1% 11.5% 10.3% 38.9% 31.2% 100.0%
Std. Residual −1.9 −2.8 3.1 1.0 .3  
Total Count 497 733 463 2038 1673 5404
% 9.2% 13.6% 8.6% 37.7% 31.0% 100.0%