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Table 3 Communication Strategy Use by Category Showing Significant Differences between Advanced and High-intermediate Participants

From: An exploration of strategies used by Chinese graduate students in electrical engineering and education: integrating questionnaire, task performance, and post-task recall data

Category Proficiency N M Mean rank SD Mdn U score Z score P
Social-affective Advanced 5 24.00 8.30 5.48 23 3.50 −2.109 .035*
High-intermediate 6 15.67 4.08 5.68 16    
Negotiation of meaning Advanced 5 37.40 8.30 11.46 31 3.50 −2.104 .035*
High-intermediate 6 20.00 4.08 11.17 18    
Message reduction and alteration Advanced 5 4.60 8.30 2.07 4 3.50 −2.129 .033*
High-intermediate 6 1.67 4.08 1.63 1.50    
  1. Note. *p value of < .05 is statistically significant