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Table 6 Frequency of participants’ responses in open questions

From: Motivation and attitude towards shadowing: learners perspectives in Japanese as a foreign language

Positive aspects High performance Low performance Total
Improve speaking 6 (16, 20, 25, 28, 30, 34) 11 (3, 4, 6, 13, 15, 18, 24, 29, 33, 35, 36) 17
Improve listening 4 (16, 25, 30, 31) 11 (3, 4, 6, 13, 15, 18, 21, 24, 29, 35, 36) 15
Improve pronunciation 7 (1, 10, 19, 20, 23, 25, 27) 5 (3, 7, 26, 33, 35) 12
Native-like speech 7 (5, 10, 12, 16, 17, 19, 27) 3 (3, 7, 22) 10
Fast speed 6 (2, 10, 16, 27, 28, 32) 3 (3, 9, 22) 9
Understanding 4 (10, 17, 23, 31) 2 (33, 35) 6
Fun/interesting 2 (2, 10) 1 (36) 3
Total 36   36   72
Negative aspects    
Speed too fast 6 (5, 16, 20, 23, 25, 30) 12 (4, 7, 9, 13, 15, 18, 22, 24, 26, 33, 35, 36) 18
Frustrated/stressed 5 (10, 20, 25, 30, 31) 5 (3, 13, 15, 21, 35) 10
Difficult to understand 4 (12, 14, 28, 31) 5 (3, 4, 6, 8, 13) 9
Time consuming 3 (5, 10, 27) 0   3
Total 18   22   40
  1. Participant ID number is shown in (brackets)