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Table 3 Mean ratings for constructive speeches of Japanese and English debates

From: The language deficit: a comparison of the critical thinking skills of Asian students in first and second language contexts

Question Japanese English Diff. P value
Did the speakers clarify the significance and key terms of the debate? 3.08 2.17 + 0.91  
Did they produce a logical and coherent case? 4.46 2.88 + 1.58  
Did they support their arguments with sufficient evidence? 4.38 2.29 + 2.09  
Was their evidence based on reliable, identifiable sources? 4.38 3.12 + 1.26  
Did they explain their case clearly? 4.67 2.71 + 1.96  
TOTAL MEAN SCORE 4.19 2.63 + 1.56 0.0032