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Table 1 Subscales of the AGOI along with the corresponding descriptions

From: The role of EFL learners’ demotivation, perceptions of classroom activities, and mastery goal in predicting their language achievement and burnout

Subscale Definition Alpha Items
Mastery-approach Attaining task-based or intrapersonal competence .85 1–6
Performance-approach Attaining normative competence .89 7–12
Performance-avoidance Avoiding normative incompetence .74 13–18