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Table 1 Participants’ perceptions of grammar instruction in writing classes

From: EFL learners’ perceptions and preferences of written corrective feedback: a case study of university students from Mainland China

Questionnaire item Mean ratingsa p value
1st-year Students (N = 21) 2nd-year Students (N = 23) 3rd-year Students (N = 20) Total average One-way ANOVA
(a) Grammar instruction is essential for mastering the writing of English. 4.52 4.61 4.20 4.45 .058
(b) Study of grammar improves my writing skill of English. 4.38 4.26 4.15 4.27 .529
(c) I believe that my English writing will improve quickly if I study and practice English grammar 3.67 3.35 3.60 3.53 .488
(d) I like studying English grammar 3.24 3.17 3 3.14 .719
(e) I need more grammar instruction in my English writing classes. 3.95 3.87 3.75 3.86 .753
(f) I keep the grammar rules in mind when I am writing in English. 3.43 3.48 3.4 3.44 .969
(g) I think that language practice in real contexts is more important than grammar instruction in the classroom. 4.48 4.30 4.45 4.41 .774
  1. aStrongly disagree = 1; disagree = 2; neutral = 3; agree = 4; strongly agree = 5