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Table 7 The Correlations between engagement and motivation with learning outcomes for the two groups

From: Student engagement and foreign language learning through online social networks

Group   TOEFL Pre-test TOEFL Post-test Engagement Motivation
Facebook Engagement −0.62* 0.74* - 0.27
Motivation −0.24 0.28 0.27 -
Face to Face Engagement 0.14 0.18 - 0.41
Motivation 0.57* 0.57* 0.41 -
  1. *Significant Correlation Coefficients (α = 0.05)