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Table 4 Mean and (SD) of learning outcomes on the TOEFL tests

From: Student engagement and foreign language learning through online social networks

Testing time Learning outcomes
Time1 (pretest) Facebook Face-to-face
 Mean 2.08 2.25
 SD (0.44) (0.55)
Time2 (posttest)   
 Mean 3.28 2.45
 SD (0.30) (0.51)