Skip to main content

Table 3 Analysis of Variance for Effects of Experimental Group and Time Variables on learning Outcomes (TOEFL pre-test vs. TOEFL post-test)

From: Student engagement and foreign language learning through online social networks

  SS Df MS F p
Between subjects:
 Group 2.11 1 2.11 6.91 .01
 Error 11.63 38 .31   
Within subjects:
 Time 9.80 1 9.80 83.69 .00
 Time × group 5.00 1 5.00 42.70 .00
 Error 4.45 38 .12