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Table 4 Pairwise comparisons

From: Out-of-the-classroom learning of English vocabulary by EFL learners: investigating the effectiveness of mobile assisted learning with digital flashcards

Measure: NGSLT
GROUP (I) Time (J) Time Mean difference (I − J) Std. error Sig.ab 95% confidence interval for differenceab
Lower bound Upper bound
Experimental 1 2 − 22.690* .586 .000 − 24.135 − 21.245
   3 − 19.034* .529 .000 − 20.338 − 17.730
  2 1 22.690* .586 .000 21.245 24.135
   3 3.655* .606 .000 2.161 5.149
  3 1 19.034* .529 .000 17.730 20.338
   2 − 3.655* .606 .000 − 5.149 − 2.161
  1. Based on estimated marginal means
  2. *The mean difference is significant at the .05 level
  3. aAdjustment for multiple comparisons: Bonferroni