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Table 4 Pearson correlation analysis (n = 146)

From: EFL learners’ engagement in different activities of blended learning environment

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
1. Emotion .50*** .45*** .48*** .55*** .56*** .41*** .41*** .46*** .46*** .54***
2. Cognition .69*** .35*** .42*** .47*** .48*** .52*** .42*** .42*** .36*** .36***
3. Challenge .29*** .28** .49*** .32*** .36*** .406*** .20* .24** .28** .27**
4. Relatedness .47*** .46*** .34*** .58*** .35*** .37*** .28*** .33*** .37*** .38***
5. Value .50*** .52*** .34*** .60*** .49*** .31*** .45*** .52*** .44*** .48***
6. Interactivity .47*** .40*** .29*** .35*** .41*** .46*** .47*** .45*** .46*** .43***
7. Autonomy .40*** .55*** .30*** .38*** .40*** .39*** .24** .21** .24** .28***
8. Notification .22** .26** .16* .27** .39*** 0.16* .21* .73*** .63*** .57***
9. Instruction .31*** .31*** .32*** .28** .34*** .45*** .31*** .54*** .66*** .64***
10. Encouragement .33*** .30*** .29*** .33*** .40*** .42*** .30*** .50*** .74*** .61***
11. Feedback .33*** .30*** .33*** .33*** .37*** .48*** .40*** .38*** .76*** .75***
  1. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001. The right upper half is the correlation between engagement and task features and teacher’s roles in Teacher’s Q & A activity and the left lower half is the correlation between engagement and task features and teacher’s roles in online discussion activity