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Table 3 Result 3 of repeated measure ANOVA (n = 146)

From: EFL learners’ engagement in different activities of blended learning environment

Variable Teacher’s Q & A Online discussion F(p) ŋ2
Mean SD Mean SD
Notification 4.11 0.61 4.22 0.73 3.34 0.02
Instruction 4.03 0.61 3.73 0.80 19.89*** 0.12
Encouragement 3.95 0.68 3.88 0.76 1.46 0.01
Feedback 4.05 0.52 3.83 0.81 12.64** 0.08
  1. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001