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Table 7 Mean errors, standard deviation and paired sample t-test results of conjunctions and references in cloze-tests

From: Impact of teacher-student writing conferences on frequency and accuracy of using cohesive devices in EFL students’ writing

Cohesive Devices Test M SD t df P
Conjunctions Pre-test 6.82 1.99 −8.694 22 .000
Post-test 2.73 1.91
References Pre-test 2.56 1.32 −3.016 22 .006
Post-test 1.30 1.99
  1. P < .05, two-tailed