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Table 5 Mean errors, standard deviations, and paired-sample T-test results of conjunctions and references

From: Impact of teacher-student writing conferences on frequency and accuracy of using cohesive devices in EFL students’ writing

Cohesive Devices Test M SD t df P
Conjunctions Pre-test 5.30 2.89 −7.253 22 .000
Post-test 0.91 0.90
References Pre-test 12.82 6.19 −6.874 22 .000
Post-test 2.70 1.63
  1. P < .05, two-tailed