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Table 2 Mean frequency, standard deviation, and paired sample T-test results for conjunctions and references

From: Impact of teacher-student writing conferences on frequency and accuracy of using cohesive devices in EFL students’ writing

Cohesive devices Test M SD t df P
Conjunctions Pre-test 13.65 5.79 −2.200 22 .039
Post-test 15.91 4.33
References Pre-test 29.91 11.01 −3.011 22 .006
Post-test 23.26 7.11
  1. P < .05, two-tailed