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Table 2 Steps of data analysis

From: Investigating the professional agency of secondary school English teachers in South Korea

StepsActions takenExamples
1stCoding the raw data with descriptive codesParents’ complaints about KETs’ teaching materials and methods
Parents’ requests for KETs’ English teaching related to KSAT
2ndGrouping codes and naming basic themes by identifying patternsParental complaint
3rdIdentifying illustrative excerpts‘I started at that point when I was a novice teacher but the goal has been changed after facing lots of complaints. At last, I came to design the assessment and class at a level where parents and students don’t complain and implemented them in that way.’ (Teacher 13)
4thIdentifying key themes‘Parental complaint’ under ‘Sociocultural legitimation’