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Table 7 Paired samples t-tests of both groups (reading comprehension pretest and posttest)

From: Comparing the impacts of various inputs(I + 1 & I-1) on pre-intermediate EFL learners’ Reading comprehension and Reading motivation: the case of Ahvazi learners

 Mean differencesSDSEMtdfpCohen’s d
i + 13.703702.64306.508667.28126.0001.978905
i-12.259261.39622.268708.40826.0002.239838