Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Independent Sample t-test of Gain Scores from Pre-test to Post-test and Post-test to Delayed Post-test

From: An innovative approach of incorporating a humanoid robot into teaching EFL learners with intellectual disabilities

  Levene’s Test for Equality of Variances  
F Sig. T df Sig. (2-tailed) Std. Error Difference 95% Confidence Interval of the Difference
Lower Upper
Gain Scores From pre-test to post-test Equal variances assumed 0.06 0.80 3.78 8.00 0.00 1.05 1.55 6.44
Equal variances not assumed    0.61 7.95 0.56 1.32 1.54 6.45
Gain scores from post-test to Delayed post-test Equal variances assumed 0.23 0.65 0.61 8.00 0.56 1.32 −2.24 3.84
Equal variances not assumed    0.61 7.95 0.56 1.32 −2.25 3.85