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Table 6 Frequencies, percentages and standardized residuals of the teachers-learners’ perceptions towards explicit grammar instruction and corrective feedback

From: Iranian EFL teachers and learners’ perceptions of grammar instruction and corrective feedback

  Choices Total
Strongly disagree Disagree Undecided Agree Strongly agree
JOB Learners Count 497 733 463 2038 1673 5404
% 9.2% 13.6% 8.6% 37.7% 31.0% 100.0%
Std. Residual −1.9 −.8 −3.0 .9 2.3  
Teachers Count 163 188 186 401 262 1200
% 13.6% 15.7% 15.5% 33.4% 21.8% 100.0%
Std. Residual 3.9 1.6 6.3 −2.0 −4.8  
Total Count 660 921 649 2439 1935 6604
% 10.0% 13.9% 9.8% 36.9% 29.3% 100.0%