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Table 3 Post Hoc tests using Tukey’s HSD test for the UGJT

From: The effects of input enhancement and explicit instruction on developing Iranian lower-intermediate EFL learners’ explicit knowledge of passive voice

(I) Group (J) Group Mean difference (I-J) Sig.
Explicit instruction Input Enhancement 1.800* .001
Control 10.0971* .000
Input enhancement Explicit Instruction −1.800* .001
Control 9.171* .000
Control Explicit Instruction −10.0971* .000
Input Enhancement −9.171* .000
  1. Asterisks indicate statistically significant differences between the groups (p < 0.05)