Skip to main content

Table 1 Mixed effect model results

From: The acquisition of question intonation by Vietnamese learners of English

  Statement Yes-No question Or-question Tag-question WH-question
Groups F(2,35) =2.7, p = 0.08 ns. F(2,32) =0.9, p = 0.3 ns. F(2,56) =0.2, p = 0.7 ns. F(2,34) =1, p = 0.36 ns. F(2,35) =0.1, p = 0.8 ns.
Tunes F(4,32) = 14, p < 0.0001 F(5,36) = 7.2, p < 0.0001 F(10,54) = 1, p = 0.4 ns. F(5,34) = 5.7, p < 0.01 F(4,41) = 3.8, p < 0.02
Groups x Tunes F(2,35) = 3.8, p < 0.05 F(2,35) = 3.5, p < 0.05 F(8,56) = 4.1, p < 0.04 F(4,34) = 3.6, p < 0.05 F(4,37) = 4.5, p < 0.03