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Table 5 Correlation between the variables encircled in Fig. 3

From: Motivation and attitude towards shadowing: learners perspectives in Japanese as a foreign language

  Ct2(−) IM1 IM3  
Ct2(−) 1.000    
IM1 0.522* 1.000   
IM3 0.317 0.492* 1.000  
Low performance
  Ct2(−) IM1 Pf2 Sp4
Ct2(−) 1.000    
IM1 0.394 1.000   
Pf2 0.412 0.671** 1.000  
Sp4 0.487* 0.638** 0.162 1.000
  1. **. Correlation is significant at p < .01 level (2-tailed)
  2. *. Correlation is significant at p < .05 level (2-tailed)
  3. (-)Reversed scores towards positive orientation