Skip to main content

Table 5 Mean ratings for refutation speeches of Japanese and English debates

From: The language deficit: a comparison of the critical thinking skills of Asian students in first and second language contexts

Question Japanese English Diff. P value
Did the speakers show understanding of the points made during the cross-examination? 3.38 1.96 + 1.42  
Were they able to defend their arguments against these points? 3.12 1.71 + 1.41  
Did they rebuild their case clearly and successfully? 3.63 2.58 + 1.05  
TOTAL MEAN SCORE 3.38 2.09 + 1.29 0.0026